Evaluating Subpixel Target Detection Algorithms in Hyperspectral Imagery

Our goal in this work is to demonstrate that detectors behave differently for different images and targets and to propose a novel approach to proper detector selection. To choose the algorithm, we analyze image statistics, the target signature, and the target’s physical size, but we do not need any type of ground truth. We demonstrate our ability to evaluate detectors and find the best settings for their free parameters by comparing our results using the following stochastic algorithms for target detection: the constrained energy minimization (CEM), generalized likelihood ratio test (GLRT), and adaptive coherence estimator (ACE) algorithms. We test our concepts by using the dataset and scoring methodology of the Rochester Institute of Technology (RIT) Target Detection Blind Test project. The results show that our concept correctly ranks algorithms for the particular images and targets including in the RIT dataset. [Read More]